Teachers are role model to students. They are treated as god for every student as in India it is sacred thing to know from the early days. Role of a teacher is very formal. After mother, it is only the teacher who takes care and educates children. A teacher who facilitates education for an individual may also be described a tutor or may also be said as governess.
Teachers are also needed to be trained before they train its students. Teachers have to be knowledgeable enough so that they can relate many unknown or unexplored thoughts in the world and provide wide things to its students. They are to be the most important ones who are given for early childhood care, protection and duties. And here Early Childhood Care is an opportunity to avoid or reduce developmental problems, thereby bringing lasting benefits to individuals and society. Early years are crucial in the formation of intelligence, personality and social behaviour. Children are born with physical, social and psychological capacities which allow them to communicate, learn and develop. If these capacities are not recognized and supported, they will never be developed. Proper care at early age can do much to create an enabling environment that ensures protection and support for more broad-based issues such as children’s health, nutrition, psycho-social and cognitive development. Early Childhood Care stresses the importance of child-friendly, family-focused and community-based programs that not only serve to strengthen ongoing social service programs, but improve the physical and mental capacity of children. It can further help to modify inequalities rooted in poverty as well as social, religious or gender discrimination.
For carrying wide knowledge and to help learn students many things teachers itself are needed to be trained enough and that’s why there are some courses that are being provided and offered by many institutions where Mahatma Gandhi Institute of Technology and Management is one of the well-known Institutions which is a Industrial Training Institute, is registered trade mark division of AAP AUR HUM, and it is registered to Government of NCT Delhi having its Regt. no 3274 at its head office in Delhi. It is also an authorized organization for running not only IT Education but vocational education like FD/NTT/NPTT/Cutting & tailoring*. (Official website MGITI)*
Teacher development can be defined as a systematized, continuous and coherent process of professional development of teachers in accordance with professional competency standards and framework. And likewise, this Institution provides a course known as Nursery Teacher Training Course which is an undergraduate educational course that deals with a good pre-school curriculum and has the ability to significantly contribute to a child’s proper growth. It plays the significant role of laying a foundation for further learning through a series of supervised experiences. It becomes very crucial that not only the pre school curriculum that is available but also the educators would be a part of it understands the purpose of their profile. Generally, the duration of the course is one year but it fluctuates place to place.
The minimum time to complete the course is differentiating from institute to institute. The course may also be available on part time basis in some certain institutes. This course requires certain eligibility where candidates should complete their 10+2 or its equivalent exam with 50% marks. Further 5% relaxation is permitted to SC/ST students.
The marks of admission for this course may vary from institution to institution. In various institutions it conducts entrance examinations plus interview and percentage of 12th class for the admission of students. There is a syllabus to this training course which include as prescribed by various universities and colleges
Subjects of study-
History and Philosophy of pre-primary education.
Nursery Child Psychology
Methods and Material of Nursery education
Nursery school organization communication, child health and nutrition.
There are some beneficiaries of Nursery Teacher Training which includes:
The courses enable the students to go for various nursery teacher training jobs in schools and related other educational jobs
They can go for higher degree programs in respective subjects such as graduation and Master’s degree.
Students having passed in this course can be introduced in various social schemes started by the government for the welfare of the children.
Therefore, there is a need to shift ‘training’ to professional preparedness of teachers. The question about knowledge, attitude and skills an effective teacher should possess is a subject to debate. The fact remains that the quality of education is dependent on the preparation of high quality teachers. Teacher development needs to include training in order to adapt to the evolution of teaching and learning processes and methodology.